Thursday, May 21, 2020

Thanksgiving Traditions in Italy

Many cultures have been celebrating harvests for centuries. Thesmophria is an ancient Greek harvest festival. Southwest American Indians perform a Corn Dance. The Jewish people celebrate Sukkot, which marks the end of the agricultural year and coincides with the final harvest before the onset of winter, and many Asian cultures have celebrations in gratitude for their rich rice harvest. The Romans also celebrated a harvest festival called Cerelia, which honored Ceres, the goddess of agriculture, grain, and fertility (and from which the word cereal comes). The festival was held each year on October 4th and offerings of the first fruits of the harvest were offered to Ceres. Their celebration included music, parades, games and sports, and a feast. But Thanksgiving in Italy? How about celebrating the Celtic New Year in Japan, or El Carnaval in Russia? The distinctly American tradition, created by Pilgrims to commemorate a bountiful harvest in the New World, doesnt translate well in another land where the Plymouth Rock would be just another stone in two–thousand–year–old Roman archaeological ruins. Even the transliteral phrase in Italian for Thanksgiving, La Festa del Ringraziamento, refers to a variety of religious holidays held throughout the year for patron saints. Variations on a Theme In fact, expatriates from North America who do honor the Thanksgiving holiday in Italy find it difficult to replicate, since the ingredients necessary for a New England–style Thanksgiving dinner are not easy to find. Italian Thanksgiving, for most Italian Americans, then, means the inclusion of special Italian recipes to accompany the roast turkey, stuffing, pumpkin pie, Macys Annual Thanksgiving Day Parade, and A Charlie Brown Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday of November. Every family of Italian heritage has different culinary traditions to celebrate the holiday. An Italian Thanksgiving dinner might include ravioli con la zucca (pumpkin ravioli), tacchinella alla melagrana (roast turkey basted with pomegranate sauce and served with a pomegranate-and-giblet gravy), sweet Italian turkey sausage and mozzarella stuffing, baked sweet potatoes with lime and ginger, and even Italian cakes and pastries. What matters most, though, during La Festa del Ringraziamento isnt what ingredients are used, or who won the football game, but the opportunity for families and communities to come together and celebrate the season in a tradition thats timeless. Italian Thanksgiving Vocabulary List Click to hear the highlighted word spoken by a native speaker. lautunno—falllAmerindio—American Indianil corteo—paradeil granturco—Indian cornil Nuovo Mondo—New Worldi Padri Pellegrini—Pilgrim Fathersil raccolto—harvestil tacchino—turkeyla tradizione—a traditionla zucca—pumpkin

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analyze a Sociological Issue - 1900 Words

Analyze a Sociological Issue Social Inequality and Minorities in the United States 10/24/2010 In this course I have learned about different social problems in societies worldwide. Some of these include poverty, social inequality, discrimination of race and culture, urbanization, and more. After learning all these subjects and more, I have decided to do my final on social inequality and minorities in the United States. I chose this particular topic because I have seen this in almost every place have lived. I find it appalling that minorities are still not treated 100% equal. We as Americans know what inequality is and know how it is used in our everyday society. I want to explore this topic and show how real and big this†¦show more content†¦They have had to deal with numerous inequalities throughout time. After slavery they were not given equal rights. There were many rights rallies and according to the statistics, they are still not receiving equal pay. There used to be restaurants that would not serve a person of color and they were even told they could only sit in the back of buses. Though we have overcome most of this we have not overcome hate crimes. Every group has encountered unequal or cruel treatment based on nothing more than a characteristic about them. Though the hate crime rate had dropped in 2007 there was a rise of anti-gay crime. Now with the new election the hate crime rate has risen again. This shows the problem is not diminishing and that we need to find a way to get this under control. Criminal justice is another area of social inequality for minorities in the U.S. Getting a fair trial is difficult is one is accused of a crime that is a stereotype. If a minority is accused of rape, murder, theft, assault, or many other crimes, it may be hard to get a fair trial if the jury basis the evidence against stereotypes. Another aspect to this is that minorities are not given as many options as others. If they are in lower income areas, have less education or just less options general their chances of living a life of crime is high. Our human instinctsShow MoreRelatedThe Sociological Imagination And Me Essay1343 Words   |  6 PagesThe Sociological Imagination and Me Charles Wright Mills was a writer, a researcher, a teacher, a scholar and a well known sociologist. He was the author of the 1959 book, The Sociological Imagination. This book was poorly received by the sociological community at first, but it is one of the most widely read sociological texts today. The Sociological Imagination and Mills’ other works have had an immense impact on sociology, as he influenced many other scholars and the â€Å"New Left† movement of theRead MoreSociology WA11747 Words   |  7 Pagessocial order, and social change? Your textbook analyzes sports in terms of various perspectives. Using the analysis of sports as a model, analyze the role of television from the functional, conflict, and interactionist approaches. The approach one takes to study a particular subject is called a perspective. There are many subjects to be studied and discussed in the field of Sociology. Perspectives name different ways in which different people choose to analyze a subject, and how they look at a societyRead MoreA Brief Note On Sociology And Sociology Class1524 Words   |  7 Pagesscience. The respondents who thought it was a science because it is the study of human’s behaviors, and how we developed as a society over the years. The couple people said no because after observing people and the environment, you have to run and analyze data, in that instance they said it’s more math than a science. Out of the five questions, I thought this was the most interesting question in whether sociology is similar or different from psychology, social work, and history. The 19 year old thatRead MoreWhat Makes Critical Social Work?817 Words   |  4 Pagesand in defining social work, one must also define critical thinking, and critical consciousness. This paper will attempt to define such concepts and ideologies and it will address and include themes of the intersectionality of social work and the Sociological Imagination, social structure and institutions. So what is social work? The York University - School of Social Work (2015), mission statement suggests that social work practice affirms personal experiences influenced by social structure and addressesRead MoreSociological Imagination Coined By Sociologist C. Wright Mills1138 Words   |  5 Pagesones. However, one may seldom relate their problems in a sociological level rather often try to ascribe the blame to their personal wrongs. In this essay I would introduce the topic of sociological imagination coined by sociologist C. Wright Mills, describing how personal matters have all sorts of interwoven relationships with social issues. It is also important to realize that there are distinctions between â€Å"personal troubles† and â€Å"public issues† despite their relationship. To be successful survivorsRead MoreReaction Paper675 Words   |  3 Pagesmight choose to approach topics. The approaches are known as sociological perspectives and are the functionalist, conf lict, and interactionist perspectives. These perspectives name other ways in which different people choose to analyze a subject, and how they look at a society as a whole. The following paragraphs compare and contrast the three, and identify major characteristics of each. The functionalist perspective is a sociological approach which emphasizes the way that parts of a society areRead MoreSociology Paper The Other Wes Moore 1356 Words   |  6 Pagessame name but end up going down totally different paths in life, hence the quote. In this paper it will discuss the novel, The Other Wes Moore, describe their social location, and describe the sociological perspectives used in sociology and analyze excerpts from the book using each of the three sociological perspectives. Social location is the combination of social factors which locate someone in society (Henslin,2013, pg. 4). Social location includes: Sex/Gender, age, social class, race/ethnicityRead MoreThe Theory Of Action Theory1648 Words   |  7 Pagesvoluntaristic theory of action, commonly referred to as action theory by sociologists, was developed in the mid- twentieth century by Talcott Parsons. Parsons sought to create a unified doctrine of sociological study that earned sociology a place among the other sciences. Up to that point sociological studies were limited to two major schools of thought, namely utilitarianism and German idealism, both of which described parameters explored in voluntaristic action theory but lacked an encompassingRead MoreThrough Sociology Classes In Two Years At Willamette, There1255 Words   |  6 Pagesmore opportunities and circumstance to study sociology critically. I also gained sociological knowledge that I can apply to problems in Japan, and developed s kills to find and analyze social issue in Japan. In Navigating Social Worlds class, I could gain and develop my sociological imagination. This was my first sociology class, and I had almost zero ideas about sociology. More specifically, I knew only a few sociological problems, but I didn’t know the way to think sociologically. In midterm, thereRead MoreI See Myself Fitting Into Society As An Intermediate Member988 Words   |  4 Pageswithin society they mainly relate to my future career goals. I feel the education system as it stand currently is ineffective in preparing our youth for a promising future. I wish to be an active participant in creating more effective pedagogy. Not all issues I wish to solve relate to my career interests however; I also feel a strong importance in environmental protection. I admired the writings we examined from Szasz because they gave me a different way to view environmental concerns. It was eye opening

Performance and Director Free Essays

A director is in charge of all aspects of the production, a director’s job is to tie up all performance element together. The director must have vision of how should the character moves, the lighting that help enhance the mood of the play, the sets and props. As an Actor we often find problem such as, don’t know how to pose our hand, where to stand and which way to walk. We will write a custom essay sample on Performance and Director or any similar topic only for you Order Now We are â€Å"floating† in the stage, because we are not sure what our role is. Then it is the director’s role to direct and told the actor what to do so they will not be â€Å"floating† anymore. First the director have to read and understand the script, know what is the meaning of the play, understand each character in the play so that he or she can make choice or decision during rehearsal. The next step is to start rehearsal. Director have to position actors on stage. Usually the director will decide where is the 5 acting area, but it can be more. For example for realistic play, the 5 acting area can be sofa, kitchen, dining table, bed, beside window, and etc. A director will start to draw the set in a groundplan. When a play is directed by a good director, the audience won’t get distracted by something or someone else on the play. A good director can provide focus of the play, where the audience should see and focus on. If the audience get distracted or confuse during the play, it’s the director’s fault. A play is symbolic, it’s artificial. All the elements of the play on the stage is symbolic. The actor represent another person on the stage. The set and probs is symbolic too, because it represent the chair in the play storyline. Then why people go to see a play? Because we can relate the play to us in the real world. View pointing is using different form from traditional As an actor physically awkward,dunno wat to do with hand. View pointing help or not? at is d intention, wat d director want us to do. Ans: viewpointing tu diff approach. View pointing tu, dr awal acara gk ad plot,cuma ad movement. Director Don’t make movement that is not important how to solve problem tgn yg gk tau taru dimn. Kenapa tgn kita tak tau mau ngap. karna kt gk yakin apa yg harus kt lakukan, gk yakin ttg role mrk. Role,space, body. Viewpointing is using different from from traditional Collaborative-haresh sharma messy†¦ Base of my knowledge from blabla 5acting areas. Provide the focus, if audience distracted with someone else, don’t put that on purpose. Director’s fault. A PLAY IS artificial. How to cite Performance and Director, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

What does the novel teach us about loneliness Essay Example For Students

What does the novel teach us about loneliness? Essay The Sailor who fell from grace with the sea. What does the novel teach us about loneliness? Loneliness is a condition of human life, an experience of being human. Everyone feels loneliness at one or more points of his or her life. In the novel The sailor who fell from grace with the sea, almost all the character portrays traces of isolation, solitude and loneliness: Noboru, Fusako, Ryuji, the leader and the group of Noboros friends. Noboru is most definitely lonely, not that he is physically in solitude. However, his loneliness comes from his heart: his inability to find security in his life, his struggles with being strong and masculine, as in his description about himself: He never cried, not even in his dreams, for hard-heartedness was a point of pride. A large iron anchor withstanding the corrosion of the sea and scornful of the barnacles and oysters that harass the hulls of ships, sinking polished and indifferent through heaps of broken glass, toothless combs, bottle caps, and prophylactics into the mud at the harbor bottom that was how he liked to imagine his heart. Someday he would have an anchor tattooed on his chest and at the same time being a child who longs more love from his mother have all attributed to him alienating himself from adults. We will write a custom essay on What does the novel teach us about loneliness? specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now First, he lacks a masculine figure guiding him in his childhood, as his father passed away when he was just 8. In the book, Noboru had an obsession for everything mechanical, related to the sea and he knew everything about ships and the sea. This shows that he struggles to embrace manliness and masculinity by first liking what man likes. At first, he admires Ryuji greatly for he believes that Ryuji is a cool, manly sailor. However, Noboru grew up with his mother, the only person he could rely on. Despite wanting to rebel and become more like an independent real man, Ryuji in facts fell extremely attached to his mother and may even suffer from Oedipus complex. He longs to go to his mothers room despite his mother warning him not to: Its time you stop coming into mothers room so often with that excuse about wanting to watch the ships; youre not a child anymore. He peeks at his mother at night when she has scolded him because he is afraid of his mother distancing him , therefore he feels compelled to watch her at night, not just out of revenge, but love and attachment as well. When Fusako fell in love with Ryuji, Noboru felt threathened somehow, that was the reason he wrote the charges against Ryuji. Despite his inner will to attach to his mother, he has grown up. To relieve his loneliness, he makes friends with the leader and his group of friends, where he accepted teaching of the leader regarding issues, which altered his impression of adults and the world. He would not accept adults treating him kindly like how an adult treats a normal 13 year old. He regards that kind of interaction as hypocrisy. For example his encounter with Ryuji in t he park, he considered Ryujis friendly smile as cowardly and ingratiating. All these thoughts of his stems from his insecurity and loneliness, because he is lost and directionless, thus he turns defensive and seeks all ways to makes himself stronger and braver. For example the killing of the kitten, Noboru was afraid at first, however to make a real man of himself, he chose to kill. After the incident, his thoughts were I killed it by myselfI can do anything, no matter how awful. This gave him Dutch courage, not by wine, but the act of killing, the act of taking away someones life. Which reminds me of Japanese Soldiers in the world war 2, where they trained new soldiers at war by letting them practice killing people to give them courage. Perhaps, this is a part of Boshido, the art of warrior of Japan. Nevertheless, Noboru was a very lonely child. .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .postImageUrl , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:hover , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:visited , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:active { border:0!important; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:active , .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ud6d3a23d73988b5278695db2c1ee444d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: In 'London', 'The Chimney Sweeper' and 'The Sick Rose', Blake explores many aspects of English society in the Victorian era EssayAnother character that fascinates me is the leader. He gathers a group of classmates the age of 13 and teaches them anti-social and destructive values. He is extremely cynical and negative. Despite his young age, he forms strong, nagative perspectives of the world and of adults, such as murder would fill those gaping caves in much the same way that a crack along its face will fill a mirrorachieve real power over existence.genitals were for copulating stars in the milky way. Their pubic hair, indigo roots buried deep beneath white skin and a few strands already strong and thickening, would grow out in order to tickle coy stardust when the rape occurred.Real danger is nothing more than just living . From the leaders deeply philosophical notions about life, we can see that he is a very intelligent child, he proclaims himself as a genius and excels in school. He seems like a popular child with friends, comes from a rich family and gets good results, but in fact he is very lonely and lacks love and attention from his parents. He holds hatred for his father, as he once said A father is a reality concealing machine, a machine for dishing up lies to kids, and that isnt even the worst of it; secretly he believes that he represents reality. Fathers are the flies of the worldHis parents are busy with work and cared little for him, therefore to relieve his loneliness, both physical isolation and inner loneliness, he gathers his group of friends, who more or less suffer from the same plight as him. As he is very unhappy of his predicament, he forms a cult group, a mini society where he takes control, and whatever he says is right. In this mini-society, he can make judgments, decisions and would be able to set his rules that generally defied societal norms. Fusako and Ryuji are somewhat similar, therefore they feel a connection between themselves. They were both lonely, together they could satiate each others loneliness and become one whole. Both of them are lonely because they lost people who were dear to their hearts: Fusakos husband had passed away for 5 years; Ryuji lost his parents and sister before he became a sailor. Both of them do not have friends as well: Fusako dedicated herself wholeheartedly into work and taking care of Noboru after her husbands death; Ryuji did not forge friendship with anyone else on the ships he was in and was considered unsociable and eccentric. He preferred to listening songs in his own room to gabbing with other sailors. Therefore, they felt a connection and fell in love on first sight. Indeed they completed each other, falling in love like two teenagers falling in love the first time: watching the sun rise together, walk in the park Overall, the characters in the book all experience loneliness, in various degrees and for different reasons. However a characteristic in common is that they try to relieved their loneliness with various methods, resulting in different outcomes. Fusako and Ryuji have chosen to end their loneliness by falling in love. The leader and Noboru have chosen to turn their loneliness to hatred and seek for strength using murder. Who said that an idle mind is a devils workshop? Perhaps in this novel, it should be a lonely mind is a devils workshop.

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Free Essays on Hamlet A Mind Of His Own

Hamlet A Mind of His Own No one can argue that the best piece of writing ever done by William Shakespeare is Hamlet, which is a classic example of a tragedy. Do all tragedies end with the hero suffering and usually dying in the end? This is not all that is needed to consider a play a tragedy, and sometimes a hero does not need to die. But not every play in which a hero dies is considered a tragedy. Is it a hero’s destiny to die? Hamlet’s death could have been avoided many times but what leads up to his death is what makes this play. Hamlet had many opportunities to kill Claudius, but did not take advantage of them. A tragic hero does not need to be good or does he? In Hamlet, although Hamlet dies, it is almost for the best or is it? How could he have any pleasure during the rest of his life, with his parents and Ophelia dead? Hamlet had possessed many good traits needed to be a tragic hero, but he had one flaw, which eventually lead to his downfall. Hamlet has all the food traits of a tragic hero. He is brave and daring. Hamlet was also loyal to his father. Another trait that Hamlet had is that he was intelligent. How else would Hamlet be able to think up the idea of faking insanity? By reading further you will be able to see how this play unfolds. ACT I Two of the guards of the King’s castle discover that there is a ghost, probable of the recently deceased King Hamlet. Horatio declares that the ghost must bring warning of impending misfortune. When the ghost appears the second time, Horatio tries to communicate with the ghost, to no avail, the ghost disappears. Horatio decided to tell Prince Hamlet of the ghost, if it is indeed the King, it will most likely talk to his beloved son. Horatio thinks that with the appearance of the ghost, and it not speaking to him, it indicated that something is wrong in Denmark. This scene introduces the character Horatio, who is a major character in this scene, besides th... Free Essays on Hamlet A Mind Of His Own Free Essays on Hamlet A Mind Of His Own Hamlet A Mind of His Own No one can argue that the best piece of writing ever done by William Shakespeare is Hamlet, which is a classic example of a tragedy. Do all tragedies end with the hero suffering and usually dying in the end? This is not all that is needed to consider a play a tragedy, and sometimes a hero does not need to die. But not every play in which a hero dies is considered a tragedy. Is it a hero’s destiny to die? Hamlet’s death could have been avoided many times but what leads up to his death is what makes this play. Hamlet had many opportunities to kill Claudius, but did not take advantage of them. A tragic hero does not need to be good or does he? In Hamlet, although Hamlet dies, it is almost for the best or is it? How could he have any pleasure during the rest of his life, with his parents and Ophelia dead? Hamlet had possessed many good traits needed to be a tragic hero, but he had one flaw, which eventually lead to his downfall. Hamlet has all the food traits of a tragic hero. He is brave and daring. Hamlet was also loyal to his father. Another trait that Hamlet had is that he was intelligent. How else would Hamlet be able to think up the idea of faking insanity? By reading further you will be able to see how this play unfolds. ACT I Two of the guards of the King’s castle discover that there is a ghost, probable of the recently deceased King Hamlet. Horatio declares that the ghost must bring warning of impending misfortune. When the ghost appears the second time, Horatio tries to communicate with the ghost, to no avail, the ghost disappears. Horatio decided to tell Prince Hamlet of the ghost, if it is indeed the King, it will most likely talk to his beloved son. Horatio thinks that with the appearance of the ghost, and it not speaking to him, it indicated that something is wrong in Denmark. This scene introduces the character Horatio, who is a major character in this scene, besides th...

Monday, March 2, 2020

Boosting Your Marketing Career With Side Projects With Laura Posterick

Boosting Your Marketing Career With Side Projects With Laura Posterick As a marketer, you have a day job. Did you know that taking on freelancing clients or having a side hustle can invigorate you and help you bring more to the table when it comes to your main job? Today we are going to talk about fanning those creative fires through a side job. ’s blog manager, Ben Sailer, will be conducting the interview with Laura Posterick, the senior copywriter at Catchfire and the brains behind her own freelance business, Copy That MPLS. The conversation will be about lists, how to handle a freelancing business on the side of your day job, and how to glean inspiration from your personal life. Some of the highlights of the show include: What Laura does at both Catchfire and Copy That MPLS. How Laura keeps all of her projects organized without losing her mind. Tips on keeping your personal life separate from your professional life and not letting one encroach upon the other. How Laura handles her workflow with each company and meets her deadlines. Advice for people on how to say â€Å"no† to projects and clients you might not have the time or experience to take on. How Laura’s side projects and hobbies have helped her in her main copywriting job. How someone might convince a hesitant boss that taking on side projects won’t negatively affect their performance at their day job. The first thing someone should do if they are wanting to jump into the world of freelancing in addition to keeping their main job. Links: Catchfire Copy That MPLS Asana If you liked today’s show, please subscribe on iTunes to The Actionable Content Marketing Podcast! The podcast is also available on SoundCloud, Stitcher, and Google Play. Quotes: â€Å"A big thing for me is having dedicated workspace at home so I can separate in my mind when it’s time to get in the zone and get work done vs. when it’s time to chill on the couch.† â€Å"One of the most important things, especially when I’m working with freelance clients, is to set expectations in the very beginning.† â€Å"You’re not going to put out good work if you’re not super excited about a project.†

Friday, February 14, 2020

Case study Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 4

Case study - Research Paper Example The attending physician decided to put her to sleep by administering sedative. Not wanting to give sedative for fears of developing addiction, the doctor advised Angel’s parents to consult a psychologist. During the talk with the psychologist, the couple narrated that their daughter only manifested this reaction once, a day after they came back from the hospital because Angel was confined when she sprained her left ankle due to a biking accident. The couple also reported that their daughter had previous episodes of being tachypnic upon the sight of injection and fainting shortly afterwards, even after the administration of shot. The couple thought these were because of Angel’s diabetes, and did not pay any attention to them. Because of Angel’s young age, the pain might be the major contributing and the primary factor for her trypanophobia (Deacon and Abramowitz, 2006). However, the fear of fainting might have exacerbated the condition, and may have made the fear of needles more life-threatening (Du et al., 2008). Because of this, it is the fear of pain that should be important to be addressed first. Angel might have been classically conditioned of experiencing pain with her every injection. The classical conditioning theory suggests that the fear of needles is actually a protective response against pain. In this scenario, the elicited response is fear. The unconditioned stimulus causing fear is when Angel feels pain, and the conditioned stimulus is the sight of syringes. Thus, after classical conditioning, Angel already associates pain with the syringes, and thus fears seeing syringes already (Scott, 2009). To reverse the fear brought about by classical conditioning, a classical extinction should be performed. In this method, the unconditioned stimulus, which is pain, should be unlinked to the sight of the syringes. This can be performed by vicarious learning approach, in which Angel will learn not to fear the syringe by looking at